Crop Calendar

A cropping calendar is a picture of the rice growing season from the fallow period and land preparation, to crop establishment and maintenance through to harvest and storage.

The benefits of using a crop calendar are being able to:

  • Plan for input purchase and use,
  • Develop cash flow budget for the year,
  • Determine credit need and period of requirement,
  • Determine labor requirements and plan for peak usage times, and
  • Organize contractors for land preparation and harvesting.

Create a crop calendar

  • Determine the best date to plant. This information can be gathered from local experience, agricultural advisors and leading farmers in the district.
  • Determine the time the variety takes from planting to harvest. The length of time from establishment to harvest is known for each variety. It may vary a little depending on the growing conditions especially water availability and solar radiation. Normally short duration varieties take 100−120 days, medium duration 120−140 days, and long duration 140 days or more to reach maturity.
  • Most varieties take 50−55 days from panicle initiation to harvest.
  • Mark on the calendar the date of planting and then when each other operation needs to be done (ploughing, weeding, fertilizing, and harvesting).
  • Then determine how much labor, equipment and finance will be required at each step during the growing period.
  • Pin the calendar in a prominent place to remind you when things need to be done.
Duration 150 - 155 days
Crop calendar Transplanting
Season Sali
Best planting window May 25 – June 01
1st plowing 21 - 14 DBS
2nd plowing 15 - 10 DBS
3rd plowing 7 - 5 DBS
4th plowing 2 DBS
Harrowing 2 DBS
Raised bed preparation 1 DBS
Seed soaking 4 DBS
Seed incubation 2 - 3 DBS
Sowing DOS
1st plowing 21 - 14 DBT
2nd plowing 15 - 10 DBT
3rd plowing 7 - 5 DBT
4th plowing 2 DBT
Harrowing 2 DBT
Crop protection in nursery 7 DBT
Crop protection at planting DOT
Planting 30-35 DAS/DOT
Basal application of fertilizer 2 DBT
2nd dose of fertilizer 25 - 35 DAT
3rd dose of fertilizer 60 - 65 DAT
Post emergence herbicide application 3-5 DAT
Weeding 15 - 25 DAT
Crop protection at Tillering 25 - 45 DAT
Crop protection at PI 55 - 60 DAT
Crop protection at grain filling 95 - 100 DAT
Drain water 105 - 110 DAT
Harvesting 120 - 125 DAT
Storage 7 DAH